Class Notes on Sacred History
Volume II: First Samuel through Nehemiah.
J. W. McGarvey (1893)
Table of Contents
- Part First. Daniel at the Court of Babylon. Dan. 1:1-6:28.
- Part Second. Other Predictions. Dan. 7:1-12:13.
DANIEL AT THE COURT OF BABYLON.
i. 1-vi. 28.
§ I. DANIEL'S CHALDEAN EDUCATION. i. 1-21.
1. He and Three Companions Are Selected for the King's
College. i. 1-7.
- How was this in the third year of Jehoiakim? 1, cf. Jer. xxv. 1.
- How long before the fall of Jerusalem? See II. Ki. xxiii. 36; xxiv. 18.
- What, "the land of Shinar"? 2, cf. Gen. xi. 1, 2.
- Why put the vessels in the treasure house of his god? 2.
- Purpose of the proposed instruction? and length of the course? 4, 5.
- Why select only royal or noble youths? 3, 4.
- Why a special diet prescribed? 5, cf. 10.
- Of what rank were Daniel and the three? 6, cf. 3.
- How had they fallen into Nebuchadnezzar's hands? 1, 2, cf. II. Ki. xxiv. 1, 2.
- Why the change of their names? 7.
2. The Royal Diet Is Refused. 8-16.
- How would the meat and wine defile them? 8.
- Why would the eunuch's head be endangered? 10.
- Why next appeal to the steward? 11.
- What is pulse? 12.
- What proof of character in this refusal?
- Why did the steward make the venture? 14, 16. 
3. The Final Result. 17-21.
- Who meant by "them" all? 19, cf. 15.
- Who conducted the final examination? 19, 20.
- In what sense did Daniel continue till "the first year of Cyrus"? 21.
§ II. NEBUCHADNEZZAR'S DREAM INTERPRETED. ii. 1-49.
1. The Dream, and the Call upon the Wise Men. ii. 1-13.
- How in his second year? 1, cf. 5, 18.
- Why think the dream significant? 3, cf. 1.
- Meaning of, "gain time"? 8.
- Did they claim inspiration? 11.
- Was his argument valid? 9.
- Why was Daniel involved? 13.
- Why was he not called in?
- What the original language of it? ii. 4-vii. 28, cf. ii. 4, margin.
2. Daniel Begs for Time. 14-16.
- How could he be sure of giving the dream? 16.
3. The Secret Revealed to Daniel. 17-24.
- Meaning of, "desire mercies of the God of heaven"? 18.
- How could he know that the revelation was a reality? 19.
4. Daniel Recalls the Dream. 25-35.
- What lesson did he teach the king? 27, 28.
- How could smiting the feet pulverize the whole image? 34, 35.
5. The Interpretation. 36-45.
- What were the other three kingdoms? 39, 40.
- Why was the Roman kingdom partly strong and partly broken? 42, 43.
- In the days of what kings? 44, cf. 40.
- Meaning of, "all these kingdoms"? ib. 44.
- How did it break these in pieces? 
6. The Effect on the King. 46-49.
- Why worship Daniel? 46.
- What the change at Daniel's request? 49.
- What the original source of this promotion? See i. 8.
- What effect must all this have had on the condition of the Jewish captives?
§ III. NEBUCHADNEZZAR'S GOLDEN IMAGE. iii. 1-30.
1. The Image and Its Dedication. iii. 1-7.
- Image of what? 1.
- Was it all of gold?
- Why such an assembly? 2, 4.
- Why the threat in the proclamation? 6.
- How did they have so many instruments? 5.
2. The Three Hebrews Are Accused. 8-12.
- What the motive of the accusers?
- Why was not Daniel included?
3. They Defy the King and Are Cast into the Furnace.
- Why give them a second chance? 15.
- Why ask, "who is that god that shall deliver you"? 15.
- What was their expectation? 17, 18.
- How could the soldiers be burned? 22.
- In what way were the three bound? 23.
4. Their Deliverance and the King's Decree. 24-30.
- What kind of furnace was it? 25.
- Who was the fourth? 25, 28.
- What the effect of the proclamation? 29.
- God's design in the miracle? 
§ IV. NEBUCHADNEZZAR'S PROCLAMATION RESPECTING
HIS INSANITY. iv. 1-37.
1. The Preamble. iv. 1-3.
- Why the address so universal? 1.
- Why say, "the Most High God"? 2.
- What meant by "his kingdom"? 3, cf. 37.
2. His Vision of a Great Tree. 4-18.
- What his circumstances at the time? 4.
- Why call in the Babylonian wise men before Daniel? 6, 8, 9.
- Significance of the band of iron and brass? 15.
- Who are meant by "the watchers" and "the holy ones"? 17.
3. Daniel's Interpretation and Advice. 19-27.
- Why Daniel's hesitation and trouble? 19.
- Design of God in the matter? 25, cf. 17.
- What meant by, "a lengthening of thy tranquillity"? 27, cf. 4.
- The condition of it?
4. The Prediction Fulfilled. 28-37.
- Why so proud of Babylon? 30, cf. Rawlinson.
- What the nature of his insanity? 32, 33.
- Why permitted to herd with cattle? and why his person neglected?
- Why did he connect his recovery with the most High? 34.
- What effect had this on his heathen subjects, and on the Hebrew captives?
§ V. BELSHAZZAR'S FEAST.v. 1-31.
1. The Feast, and the Desecration of the Holy Vessels. v. 1-4.
- Who was Belshazzar. See Rawlinson.
- Why send for the temple vessels? 2, cf. 4. 
2. The Handwriting on the Wall. 5-12.
- Why the third ruler? 7.
- How was Nebuchadnezzar his father? 11.
- Why had he not called Daniel?
3. The Interpretation. 13-31.
- Why change Upharsin to Peres? 25, 27.
- Why could not the wise men read it?
- How was Belshazzar killed?
- Jeremiah's prediction? Jer. li. 30-32.
- Who was Darius the Mede? 31.
§ VI. DANIEL IN THE LION'S DEN. vi. 1-28.
1. His Promotion, and a Plot Against Him. vi. 1-9.
- Why this honor? 3, cf. v. 29.
- Relative excellence of his administration? 4.
- Why the conclusion of his enemies? 5.
- What cunning in their proposal? 7, 8.
- Why did they have a den of lions?
- Why such provision in their law? 8.
2. Daniel Convicted, and the Sentence Executed. 10-17.
- Why not pray in secret? 10.
- In what way did the king labor to rescue him? 14, 15.
- Why think his God would deliver Daniel? 16.
- Construction of the den? 17.
- Why the stone sealed? 17.
3. Daniel Unharmed, and His Accusers Thrown to the Lions.
- Why the king so troubled? 18.
- Why cast in the accusers?
4. The King's Proclamation. 25-28.
- How did he know so much of God?
- What the effect of this event on the captives? 
vii. 1-xii. 13.
§ I. DANIEL'S VISION OF FOUR GREAT BEASTS.vii. 1-28.
§ II. HIS VISION OF THE RAM AND THE HE GOAT.viii. 1-27.
§ III. HIS PRAYER FOR THE RESTORATION OF ISRAEL, AND
HIS PREDICTION OF SEVENTY WEEKS TILL THE MESSIAH.
- His knowledge of Jeremiah. 2.
§ IV. HIS LAST VISION: THIRD YEAR OF CYRUS.x. 1-xii. 13.