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                        "THE PARABLES OF JESUS"

                The Wheat And Tares (Mt 13:24-30,36-43)


1. In "The Parable Of The Sower", we learned that not all people react
   to the Word of the kingdom in the same way
   a. Some with hard hearts and dull ears would not even allow the Word
      time to germinate in their hearts
   b. Others would receive the Word, but either persecution or things 
      in this life would render them fruitless
   c. Only those with good and noble hearts, who receive the Word with
      patience and keep it, will bear the intended fruit in their lives
   -- Thus the "mysteries of the kingdom of heaven" will be received 
      only by some, and not all

2. This truth was illustrated further when Jesus taught "The Parable Of
   The Wheat And Tares"...
   a. Recorded only by Matthew, the parable itself is found in Mt 13:
      24-30 (READ)
   b. Jesus' purpose is clearly to teach principles related to "the 
      kingdom of heaven"
      1) For he begins with "The kingdom of heaven is like..."
      2) Therefore Jesus intends to reveal principles related to the 
         "rule of God" as it would soon be manifested in the Person of
         His Son

3. Like "The Parable Of The Sower", this parable is one of the few in 
   which we have Jesus' own explanation...
   a. The explanation was given in response to the disciples' inquiry 
      - Mt 13:36
   b. And the explanation is found in Mt 13:37-43 (READ)

[In this study, we shall focus on Jesus' explanation of the parable, 
and then draw some truths from it...]


      1. THE SOWER - "He who sows the good seed is the Son of Man"
         a. I.e., Christ, who in His preaching went about proclaiming
            the gospel of the kingdom - cf. Mt 4:23
         b. Who is identified in Daniel's vision as one who received a
            kingdom - Dan 7:13-14
         c. Who after His ascension claimed to have received such
            authority - Re 2:26-27; 3:21
      2. THE FIELD - "The field is the world"
         a. Into which the Son of Man came to sow the seed
         b. Over which the Son of Man now exercises His authority, 
            i.e., His kingship - cf. Mt 28:18; 1 Pe 3:22; Re 1:5
      3. THE GOOD SEED (WHEAT) - "The good seeds are the sons of the
         a. Those who gladly own Jesus as their Lord and King, 
            submitting to Him freely
         b. I.e., His disciples, who observe all that He commands - cf.
            Mt 28:19-20
         c. When we compare this with "The Parable Of The Sower", we 
            come up with slightly mixed metaphors...
            1) The disciples are those who constitute the "good soil",
               in which the seed has been sown (The Parable Of The 
            2) But in The Parable Of The Wheat And Tares, the disciples
               are the "good seed" themselves
         d. Thus, when one receives the "seed" of the kingdom (the Word
            of God), they become "good seed" (a son of the kingdom)
      4. THE TARES - "The tares are the sons of the wicked one"
         a. Those later defined as they that..
            1) Offend
            2) Practice lawlessness - cf. Mt 13:41
         b. Though within the realm of the Lord's reign (for the Lord
            will later gather them out of His kingdom), they clearly 
            are not submitting to the Lord's authority!
         c. Their actions reveal that they are really "sons of the 
            wicked one"!
      5. THE ENEMY - "The enemy who sowed them is the devil"
         a. Who tried to tempt Christ and failed - cf. Mt 4:1-11
         b. Who now tries to destroy the efforts of Christ to save 
            souls and enlarge the influence of His kingly rule
      6. THE HARVEST - "The harvest is the end of the age"
         a. That "age" in which...
            1) The gospel of the kingdom is being preached
            2) People who receive the gospel can become the "sons of 
               the kingdom"
            -- I.e., the present gospel dispensation - cf. Co 1:13; 
               Re 1:9
         b. An "age" that will end with a great "harvest", identified
            elsewhere as the glorious coming and appearance of our Lord
            - cf. Mt 26:31-32; 1 Ti 6:14-15
      7. THE REAPERS - "The reapers are the angels"
         a. Angels will accompany Christ when He comes again - 2 Th 1:
         b. They will separate the wicked from among the just - cf. Mt
   [Having identified the various elements of the parable...]  
      1. In verse 40...
         a. The problem of the "tares" will not be fully addressed 
            until the "harvest"
         b. This is done out of consideration for the "good seed" (cf. 
            Mt 13:29)
      2. In verse 41...
         a. It is at the end of the age that the Son of Man will 
            finally resolve this problem
         b. With His angels He will "gather out of His kingdom all 
            things that offend, and those who practice lawlessness" 
            (i.e., the sons of the wicked one)
      3. In verse 42...
         a. Those so gathered out of His kingdom will properly dealt 
         b. Cast into "the furnace of fire", where there will be 
            "wailing and gnashing of teeth!"
      4. In verse 43...
         a. The blessedness of the "righteous" (the good seed, the sons
            of the kingdom) is described
         b. After the harvest they will "shine forth as the sun in the
            kingdom of their Father"!

[Jesus ends His explanation of the parable with the same admonition 
that followed the telling of The Parable Of The Sower:

           "He who has ears to hear, let him hear" - Mt 13:9

Do we therefore hear what Jesus is saying?  Or are we dull of hearing 
and hard of heart?  For those willing to listen, there are several 
truths to be gleaned from this parable as it relates to the kingdom of
heaven, the church, and to our personal lives...]


      1. Why does Christ suffer so long with the wicked around us?
      2. Why does He not come in judgment against the "sons of the 
         wicked one?"
      3. Perhaps to give "you" (a son of the kingdom) a time to grow!
         a. In the parable, it was out of concern for the "wheat" that
            the "tares" were allowed to remain - Mt 13:29
         b. As Peter indicated, it is the Lord's longsuffering that 
            prompts any seeming delay in His coming - cf. 2 Pe 3:9
         -- So while Christ is certainly desirous that "all" men come 
            to repentance, He has a special interest in those "sons of
            the kingdom" who are still growing!

      1. Some have sought to use this parable to say that church 
         discipline should not be carried out
      2. Yet that would go contrary to the teachings of Jesus Himself,
         and that of His apostles
         a. Jesus taught there would be times for church discipline 
            - Mt 18:15-17
         b. Paul instructed the churches in Corinth and Thessalonica 
            concerning the need and methodology of church discipline 
            - 1 Co 5:1-13; 2 Th 3:6-15
      3. The point of this parable is that Jesus Himself will not do 
         anything visible until the end of the age when He comes with
         His angels
      4. Those in the church, however, have a personal responsibility
         to withdraw from those brethren who refuse to repent of sin
      1. In verse 41, the Son of Man will "gather out of His kingdom",
         so the kingdom is in existence prior to the end of the age
         when the Son of Man comes with His angels
      2. In verse 43, it is after the harvest that the righteous "will
         shine forth in the kingdom of their Father"
      3. As taught by Paul, Christ rules now and will turn the kingdom
         over to His Father when He comes again - cf. 1 Co 15:23-26
         a. He is not coming to establish a kingdom (contra the
         b. He is coming to deliver a kingdom back to His Father!

      1. Note that the angels will gather certain ones "out of His
         kingdom - Mt 13:41
      2. Those ones who were "in the kingdom" are then "cast into the
         furnace" - Mt 13:42
      3. Who would these be?
         a. Those who "offend" (cause others to stumble)
            1) Against which Jesus warned His disciples - Mt 18:6-7
            2) Against which Paul warned the Christians at Corinth and
               Rome - 1 Co 8:11-13; 10:31-11:1; Ro 16:17-18 (cf. 14:13,
         b. Those who "practice lawlessness" (do things without 
            1) Remember the warnings of Jesus and John - Mt 7:21-23;
               2 Jn 9
            2) The way to avoid lawlessness is given in Co 3:17
      4. Because of the very real danger of not "entering our heavenly 
         rest", we find warnings to persevere - cf. He 3:12-14; 4:1-2,

      1. We saw where those "that offend" and who "practice 
         lawlessness" would...
         a. Be cast into the "furnace of fire"
         b. Experience "wailing and gnashing of teeth"
      2. This punishment of the wicked is a recurring theme in several
         of the parables...
         a. The Parable Of The Dragnet - cf. Mt 13:49-50
         b. The Parable Of The Unforgiving Servant - cf. Mt 18:34-35
      3. And as described in the Judgment Scene, Jesus talks of a place
         prepared for the wicked - cf. Mt 25:41, 45-46
      4. Thus a proper proclamation of the gospel of the kingdom must 
         of necessity include a warning to those who do not receive the

1. Indeed, this very parable is a warning to all not to allow 
   themselves to be influenced by the wicked one!
   a. As Peter wrote, our adversary is very much seeking to destroy us!
      - 1 Pe 5:8
   b. But if we can allow the word of God to abide in us, we can 
      overcome the wicked one - cf. 1 Jn 2:14

2. We learn from this parable, then, that the kingdom of heaven...
   a. Will spread as people become "sons of the kingdom" (by heeding 
      the Son of Man)
   b. Will not preclude the efforts and influence of the devil (so 
      expect to see some "tares")
   c. Though inaugurated with the Son of Man's first coming (especially
      with His ascension to the right hand of God and the outpouring of
      the Spirit on the day of Pentecost - Acts 2), the kingdom of 
      heaven will not be fully culminated until...
      1) The Son of Man returns with His angels
      2) He gathers all things out of His kingdom that offend and 
         practice lawlessness
      3) And delivers the kingdom to God (cf. 1 Co 15:24)

3. At that time...
   a. We will have an abundant entrance "into the everlasting kingdom 
      of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ" - cf. 2 Pe 1:11
   b. "Then the righteous will shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of
      their Father" - Mt 13:43

Dear friend, is not that your desire?  Then remember what Jesus said...

    "Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and
    the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God." - Jn 3:5

               "He who has ears to hear, let him hear!"
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