Modern Literal Version
1 Corinthians 1]

     1:1 Paul, a called apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes the brother, 1:2 to the congregation* of God which is in Corinth– those who have been made holy in Christ Jesus, called ones, holy-ones, together with all who are calling upon the name of our Lord Jesus Christ in every place, both theirs and ours: 1:3 grace to you* and peace from God our Father and Lord Jesus Christ.

     1:4 I am always giving-thanks to my God concerning you*, on the basis of the grace of God which was given to you* in Christ Jesus; 1:5 that you* were enriched in him in everything, in all speech and all knowledge; 1:6 just-as the testimony of Christ was confirmed in you*; 1:7 so-then for you* to lack in no gift*; waiting for the revelation of our Lord Jesus Christ, 1:8 who will also confirm you* until the end, so that you* are irreproachable in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ. 1:9 God is faithful, through whom you* were called into the fellowship of his Son, Jesus Christ our Lord.

     1:10 Now brethren, I am pleading with you* through the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, in order that you* all should speak the same thing and there should be no splits among you*, but you* should have been framed already in the same mind and in the same viewpoint. 1:11 For* it was indicated to me concerning you*, my brethren, by the household of Chloe, that strifes are among you*. 1:12 Now I am saying this, that each of you* says, I am indeed of Paul! I am indeed of Apollos! I am indeed of Cephas! I am indeed of Christ!

     1:13 Has Christ been divided? Paul was not crucified on your* behalf, was he? Or were you* immersed* into the name of Paul? 1:14 I give-thanks to God that I immersed* none of you*, except Crispus and Gaius; {Act 18:8} 1:15 in order that not anyone might say that I immersed* you into my own name. 1:16 And I also immersed* the household of Stephanas; furthermore, I do not know if I immersed* any other. 1:17 For* Christ sent me not to immerse*, but to proclaim the good-news; not in wisdom of speech, (that* the cross of Christ might not be made void).

     1:18 For* the account of the cross is indeed foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are saved– it is the power of God. 1:19 For* it has been written, 'I will destroy the wisdom of the wise and I will reject the understanding of the intelligent ones.' {Isa 29:14, Psa 33:10} 1:20 Where is the wise? Where is the scribe? Where is the debater of this age? Did God not make the wisdom of the world foolish? 1:21 For* since, in the wisdom of God the world through its wisdom did not know God, God is delighted through the foolishness of the preaching to save those who believe. 1:22 Since both Jews ask for a sign and Greeks seek wisdom; 1:23 but we preach Christ as having been crucified, indeed an offense to the Jews, but foolishness to the Greeks; 1:24 but to them, the ones who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ is the power of God and the wisdom of God. 1:25 Because the foolish things of God are wiser than men, and the weakness of God is mightier than men.

     1:26 For* you* see your calling brethren, that not many are wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble. 1:27 But God chose the foolish things of the world, in order that he might shame the wise, and God chose the weak things of the world, in order that he might shame the strong; 1:28 and God chose the ignoble things of the world and the things which have been scorned and the things which are not, in order that he might do-away-with the things which are; 1:29 *that every flesh should not boast in God's sight. 1:30 But you* are from him, in Christ Jesus, who has become to us wisdom and righteousness and holiness and redemption from God; 1:31 that*, just-as it has been written, 'He who boasts, let him boast in the Lord.' {Jer 9:24}

[1 Corinthians 2]

     2:1 And brethren, after I came to you* proclaiming the testimony of God to you*, I did not come according to superiority of speech or of wisdom. 2:2 For* I decided not to know anything among you*, except Jesus Christ and this one having been crucified. 2:3 And I happened to be with you* in weakness and in fear, and in much trembling. 2:4 And my speech and my preaching was not in persuasive words of human wisdom, but in the demonstration of the Spirit and of power, 2:5 in order that your* faith should not be in the wisdom of men, but be in the power of God.

     2:6 Now we are speaking wisdom among the mature ones; yet a wisdom not of this age, nor of the rulers of this age, who are being done-away-with; 2:7 but we are speaking God's wisdom in a mystery, the wisdom which has been hidden, which God determined beforehand, before the ages, *for our glory. 2:8 It is this mystery which none of the rulers of this age knew; for* if they had known it, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory; 2:9 but as it has been written, 'Things which the eye did not see and the ear did not hear and things which did not come-up in the heart of man, which God prepared for those who love* him.' {Isa 64:4}

     2:10 But God revealed them to us through his Spirit; for* the Spirit is searching all things, even the depths of God. 2:11 For* who from men knows the things of a man, except the spirit of the man, which is in him? So also, no one knows the things of God, except the Spirit of God. 2:12 But we did not receive the spirit of the world, but the {F} Spirit who is from God; in order that we might know the things which were granted to us by God. 2:13 We also speak these things, not in the taught words from human wisdom, but in the taught words from the Holy Spirit; combining together with spiritual words, spiritual things.

     {Footnotes: 1Co 2:12, Spirit who, or: spirit that; (meaning just a simple contrast like 'things of the world, things from God.' All punctuation and verse numbering is man-made.)}

     2:14 Now the physical man is not accepting the things from the Spirit of God; for* they are foolishness to him, and he is not able to know them, because they are spiritually examined. 2:15 But the spiritual one is indeed examining all things, but he himself is examined by no one. 2:16 For* who knew the mind of the Lord, who will be lecturing him? But we have the mind of Christ. {Isa 40:13}

[1 Corinthians 3]

     3:1 And brethren, I was not able to speak to you* as to spiritual people, but as to fleshly ones, as to infants in Christ. 3:2 I delivered to you* milk to drink and not food, for* you* were not yet able to eat it. But still you* are not able even now, 3:3 for* you* are still fleshly. For* where there is jealousy and strife and dissensions among you*, are you* not fleshly, and are you* not walking according to the manner of man?

     3:4 For* whenever someone says, I am indeed of Paul, but a different one, I am of Apollos, are you* not fleshly? 3:5 Therefore, who is Paul? And who is Apollos? But preferably they are servants through whom you* believed, even as the Lord gave to each. 3:6 I planted, Apollos watered, but God was causing the growth. 3:7 So-then neither is the one who is planting anything, nor the one who is watering, but God who is causing the growth. 3:8 Now the one who is planting and the one who is watering are one, but each one will be receiving his own reward according to his own labor. 3:9 For* we are God's fellow workers. You* are God's cultivation, God's building.

     3:10 According to the grace of God which was given to me, I have laid a foundation like a wise expert-builder, and another is building upon it. But let each one beware how he is building upon it. 3:11 For* no one is able to lay another foundation beside what is laid, which is Jesus Christ. 3:12 But if anyone is building on this foundation with gold, silver, precious stones, various woods, grass, straw, 3:13 the work of each one will become apparent. For* the day will indicate it, because it is revealed in fire, and the fire will test the work of each one, of what sort it is. 3:14 If anyone's work remains which he built upon it, he will be receiving a reward. 3:15 If the work of anyone will be burned, it will be forfeited, but he himself will be saved, but so as through fire.

     3:16 Do you* not know that you* are a temple of God and the Spirit of God is dwelling in you*? 3:17 If anyone corrupts the temple of God, God will have corruption for this one; for* the temple of God is holy, which you* are.

     3:18 Let no one deceive himself. If anyone seems to be wise in this age among you*, let him become foolish, in order that he may become wise. 3:19 For* the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. For* it has been written, 'It is he who grabs the wise in their craftiness'; {Job 5:13} 3:20 and again, 'The Lord knows the reasonings of the wise, that they are futile.' {Psa 94:11} 3:21 So-then, let no one boast in men. For* all things are yours*, 3:22 whether Paul or Apollos or Cephas, or the world or life or death, or things which are present, or future things. All things are yours*, 3:23 and you* are Christ's, and Christ is God's.

[1 Corinthians 4]

     4:1 So let a man count us as attendants of Christ and stewards of the mysteries of God. 4:2 But furthermore, it is required in stewards, in order that someone should be found faithful. 4:3 But it is at the least concern to me, in order that I might be judged by you* or by a human judgment day. But I am not even judging myself. 4:4 For* I have been conscious of nothing in myself, but I have not been made righteous in this thing. But he who is judging me is the Lord. 4:5 So-then, do* not judge anything before the time, until the Lord should come, who will both be illuminating the hidden things of darkness and will be manifesting the plans of the hearts, and then the praise from God will happen for each.

     4:6 Now brethren, I fashioned these things to myself and Apollos because of you*; in order that you* may learn in us not to have a mindset to go beyond what has been written; in order that no one should be arrogant on behalf of one against the other. 4:7 For* who is making you the judge? But what do you have which you did not receive? But if you also received it, why are you boasting as having not received it? 4:8 Already you* are being satisfied, already you* were enriched, you* reigned as kings without us, and for-sure, I wish-that you* had reigned, in order that we might also reign together with you*. 4:9 For* I am thinking that God showed us, the apostles, last of all, as men doomed to death, because we became a spectacle to the world, both to messengers and men. 4:10 We are foolish because of Christ, but you* are prudent in Christ. We are weak, but you* are strong. You* are glorious, but we are dishonored. 4:11 We are both hungry and thirsty, till the current hour, and are naked and are battered and are homeless; 4:12 and we are laboring, working with our own hands. Being reviled, we are speaking well of them; being persecuted, we are tolerating it; 4:13 being blasphemed, we are encouraging. We became like the scums of the world, the garbage of all things, even until now.

     4:14 I am not writing these things to be embarrassing you*, but I am admonishing you* as my beloved children. 4:15 For* even if you* have ten-thousand guardians* in Christ, but you* do not have many fathers, for* I fathered you* in Christ Jesus through the good-news. 4:16 Therefore I am encouraging you*. Become* imitators of me. 4:17 Because of this, I sent Timothy to you*, who is my beloved and faithful child in the Lord, who will be reminding you* of my ways, the ones in Christ, just-as I am teaching everywhere in every congregation*. 4:18 But as of me not coming to you*, some were being arrogant. 4:19 But I will be coming to you* shortly, if the Lord wills, and I will know, not the speech of those who have been arrogant, but the power. 4:20 For* the kingdom of God is not in speech, but in power. 4:21 What do you* wish? Should I come to you* with* a rod, or in love* and a spirit of meekness?

[1 Corinthians 5]

     5:1 Fornication is heard literally to be among you* (and such fornication which is not even named among the Gentiles), so-then for someone to have had his father's wife. 5:2 And you* are being arrogant, and did not rather mourn in order that he who did* this work might be taken away out of your* midst. 5:3 For* indeed, as being absent in the body, but being present* in the spirit, I have already judged him thus, who worked out this thing, (as though I am present*), 5:4 in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. When you* and my spirit were gathered together, together with the power of our Lord Jesus, 5:5 to give such a one to the Adversary *for the utter-destruction of the flesh, in order that the spirit might be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.

     5:6 Your* boasting is not good. Do you* not know that a little leaven leavens the whole batch? 5:7 Cleanse* out the old leaven, in order that you* may be a new batch, just-as you* are unleavened. For* Christ our Passover was also sacrificed on our behalf. 5:8 So-then we should celebrate a festival, not in old leaven, nor in the leaven of malice and wickedness, but in the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

     5:9 I wrote to you* in my letter not to socialize together with fornicators; 5:10 and certainly not meaning with the fornicators of this world or with the greedy ones or ravening ones or idolaters; otherwise, you* are consequently* obligated to go forth out of the world. 5:11 But now, I wrote to you* not to socialize together with anyone if he is named a brother, who is either a fornicator or greedy one, or an idolater or a reviler, or a drunkard or a ravening one, not to even eat together with such a person. 5:12 For* what is it to me to judge those who are outside? Are you* not judging those who are inside? 5:13 Now God will be judging those who are outside, and you will be taking away the evil man from among you*, yourselves.

[1 Corinthians 6]

     6:1 Does anyone of you*, having a matter of strife toward the other, dare to have a lawsuit in front of the unrighteous and not in front of the holy-ones? 6:2 Do you* not know that the holy-ones will be judging the world? And if the world is judged among you*, are you* unworthy of the least of courts? 6:3 Do you* not know that we will be judging the messengers? Consequently*, why not judge the things of everyday life? 6:4 Therefore, if you* indeed have courts concerning things of everyday life, why are you* seating these who have been scorned in the congregation* as judges? 6:5 I am saying this to shame you*. So is there not one wise person among you*? Not even one who will be able to judge between his brethren? 6:6 But brother is in a lawsuit with brother, and this in front of unbelieving people! 6:7 Therefore, it is indeed already a literal loss to you*, that you* have lawsuits with yourselves. Why not rather be wronged? Why not rather be defrauded? 6:8 But instead you* yourselves do wrong and defraud, and you* do these things to brethren.

     6:9 Or do you* not know that the unrighteous will not be inheriting the kingdom of God? Do* not be misled. Neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor pedophiles, nor homosexuals, 6:10 nor the greedy ones, nor thieves, nor drunkards, not revilers, not ravening ones, will be inheriting the kingdom of God. 6:11 And some of you* were these, but you* were fully-washed, but you* were made holy, but you* were made righteous in the name of the Lord Jesus and in the Spirit of our God.

     6:12 All things are legal for me, but not all things are advantageous. All things are legal for me, but I will not be brought-under the authority by anything. 6:13 Foods are for the belly and the belly is for foods, but God will be doing-away-with both this and these things. But the body is not for fornication, but for the Lord, and the Lord for the body.

     6:14 Now God both raised up the Lord and will be raising us up through his power. 6:15 Do you* not know that your* bodies are members of Christ? Therefore, after I took the members of the Christ, should I make* them members of a prostitute? Let it not happen! 6:16 Therefore, do you* not know that he who is joined to a prostitute is one body? For* he says, The two will become one flesh. {Gen 2:24} 6:17 But he who is joined to the Lord is one spirit. 6:18 Flee* fornication. Every sin, whatever a man practices, is outside the body, but he who is fornicating, sins at his own body. 6:19 Or do you* not know that your* body is a temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you*, whom you* have from God? And you* are not your* own; 6:20 for* you* were bought with a price. Glorify* God in your* body and in your* spirit which is God's!

[1 Corinthians 7]

     7:1 Now concerning the things of which you* wrote to me: it is good for a man not to touch a woman sexually. 7:2 But, because of fornications, let each man have his own wife and let each woman have her own husband. 7:3 Let the husband repay to the wife her owed benevolence and likewise also the wife repay to the husband. 7:4 The wife does not have authority over her own body, but the husband, and likewise also the husband does not have authority over his own body, but the wife. 7:5 Do* not deprive one another, except from agreement for some time, in order that you* may occupy yourselves to fasting and to prayer, and you* may come to the same again, in order that the Adversary may not tempt you* because of your* shortage of self-control. 7:6 But I am saying this according to concession, not according to commandment. 7:7 For* I wish all men to be even as I myself am. But each one has his own gift* from God, indeed the one is so and the one is thus.

     7:8 But I am saying to the unmarried and to the widows, it is good for them if they remain even as I am. 7:9 But if they do not exercise self-control, let* them marry; for* it is better to marry than to be on fire. 7:10 But I command to those who have married, (not I, but the Lord): the wife is not to be separated from her husband, 7:11 (but even if she is separated, let her remain unmarried, or let her be reconciled to her husband), and that the husband is not to leave his wife.

     7:12 But to the rest I say, (not the Lord); if some brother has an unbelieving wife and she consents to dwell with him, let him not leave her. 7:13 And if a wife who has an unbelieving husband, and he consents to dwell with her, let her not leave him. 7:14 For* the unbelieving husband has been made holy by the wife and the unbelieving wife has been made holy by the husband. Consequently* otherwise, your* children were unclean, but now they are holy. 7:15 But if the unbelieving spouse separates, let the one separate; the brother or the sister has not been enslaved in such things. Now God has called us in peace. 7:16 For* what do you know O wife, if you will be saving your husband? Or what do you know O husband, if you will be saving your wife?

     7:17 Except, as God divided to each one, as the Lord has called each, so let him walk. And so I myself am commanding in all the congregations*. 7:18 Was anyone called having been circumcised? Let him not be uncircumcised. Was anyone called in uncircumcision? Let him not be circumcised. 7:19 Circumcision is nothing and uncircumcision is nothing, but the keeping of the commandments of God. 7:20 Let each one remain in this calling in which he was called. 7:21 Were you called being a bondservant? Let it not be a care to you, but if you are also able to become free; use it rather. 7:22 For* he who was called in the Lord, having been a bondservant, is the Lord's freedman; likewise, the free one who was called, is Christ's bondservant. 7:23 You* were bought with a price; do* not become bondservants of men. 7:24 Brethren, let each one remain with God in this thing in which he was called.

     7:25 Now concerning virgins I have no commandment from the Lord, but I am giving my viewpoint, as one who has been shown-mercy by the Lord to be faithful. 7:26 Therefore I suppose this to be* good, because of the present calamity; that it is good for a man to be thus. 7:27 Have you been bound to a wife? Do not seek divorce. Have you been loosed from a wife? Do not seek a wife. 7:28 But even if you marry, you did not sin, and if the virgin marries, she did not sin. But such will have affliction in the flesh, and I would spare you*.

     7:29 But I am saying this, brethren, the time is limited, furthermore it is that* both those who have wives may be as though they did not have one; 7:30 and those who weep, as though not weeping, and those who rejoice, as though not rejoicing, and those who buy, as though not having; 7:31 and those who use this world, as though not making full use of it; for* the fashion of this world is passing away.

     7:32 But I wish for you* to be carefree. He who is unmarried is anxious for the things of the Lord, how he will be pleasing the Lord; 7:33 but he who has married is anxious for the things of the world, how he may please the wife. 7:34 He has been divided. And the unmarried woman, (also the virgin), is anxious for the things of the Lord, in order that she may be holy both in body and in spirit, but she who is married is anxious for the things of the world, how she will be pleasing the husband. 7:35 Now, I say this thing is advantageous for yourselves, not in order that I may cast a noose upon you*, but a non-distraction for the decent, and devoted in the Lord.

     7:36 But if anyone supposes he is behaving improperly over his virgin, if she is beyond her prime and thus it ought to happen, let her do* what she wills; she is not sinning; let* them marry.

     7:37 But he who stands, grounded in his heart, not having necessity, but has the authority concerning his own will, and he has decided this in his own heart to keep his own virgin {Or: keep of himself virgin}, he does* well. 7:38 So-then both he who betroths does* well, and he who does not betroth is doing* better.

     7:39 A wife has been bound by law inasmuch time as the husband is living, but if the husband should be fallen-asleep {i.e. dead}, she is free to be married to whom she wills, but only in the Lord. 7:40 But she is fortunate if she remains so, according to my viewpoint, and I think that I also have the Spirit of God.

[1 Corinthians 8]

     8:1 Now concerning idol-sacrifices: we know that all have knowledge. Knowledge is arrogant, but love* builds up. 8:2 But if anyone thinks to have known anything, he has known nothing yet like it is essential to know; 8:3 but if anyone loves* God, this one has been known by him. 8:4 Therefore concerning the food of idol-sacrifices, we know that an idol in the world is nothing and that there is no other God except one. 8:5 For* if indeed* there are so called* gods, whether in heaven or upon the earth; just-like there are many such gods and many such lords, 8:6 but to us, there is one God, the Father, from whom are all things, and we are *for him, and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things, and we are through him. 8:7 But the knowledge is not in all people, but until now some, with the conscience of the idol, eat it like an idol-sacrifice, and their conscience is defiled, being weak. 8:8 But food does not present us to God; for* neither if we eat, do we abound? Nor, if we do not eat, are we lacking?

     8:9 But beware*, lest this liberty of yours* might become a stumbling block to the weak. 8:10 For* if anyone sees you, (the one who has knowledge), reclining at a table in an idol's sanctuary, will not his conscience, being weak, be built up to eat what is the idol-sacrifices? 8:11 And the weak brother will be perishing on the basis of your knowledge, but Christ died because of him. 8:12 Now thus, by sinning directly at the brethren and beating their weak conscience, you* are sinning directly at Christ. 8:13 Hence, if food is offending my brother, I should never eat an idol's meats forever, in order that I may not offend my brother.

[1 Corinthians 9]

     9:1 Am I not an apostle? Am I not free? Have I not seen Jesus Christ our Lord? Are you* not my work in the Lord? 9:2 If I am not an apostle to others, but yet I am to you*; for* you* are the seal of my apostleship in the Lord.

     9:3 My defense to those who are examining me is this: 9:4 have we no authority to eat and to drink? 9:5 Have we no authority to lead around a wife, (a sister in the Lord), even as the rest of the apostles and the brethren of the Lord and Cephas? 9:6 Or is it only Barnabas and I who have no authority not to work? 9:7 Does anyone ever make war while supplying his own rations? Who plants a vineyard and does not eat from its fruit? Or who shepherds a flock and does not drink from the milk of the flock? 9:8 I am not speaking these things according to man. Or is the law not also saying these things? 9:9 For* it has been written in the Law of Moses, 'You will not muzzle a threshing bull.' {Deu 25:4} God does not care only for the bulls, does he? 9:10 Or does he certainly say it because of us? For* it was written because of us, that the one who is plowing ought to plow in hope, and the one who is threshing ought to thresh in hope to partake of his hope.

     9:11 If we sowed spiritual things to you*, is it a great thing if we will be reaping your* fleshly things? 9:12 If others are partaking of this authority over you*, do we not more? But we did not use this authority, but we are forbearing all things, in order that we should not give any hindrance to the good-news of the Christ. 9:13 Do you* not know that those who work at the sacred things, eat the things from the temple, and those who wait-upon the altar have their part together with the altar? 9:14 So, the Lord also commanded that those who are proclaiming the good-news, to live out of the good-news. 9:15 But I used nothing of these things, and I did not write these things in order that it may become so with* me; for* it would be good for me rather to die, than in order that anyone should make my boasting void. 9:16 For* if I proclaim the good-news, it is not boasting to me; for* necessity is laid upon me, but woe is to me, if I, myself, do not proclaim the good-news. 9:17 For* if I am doing* this voluntarily, I have a reward, but if I do so involuntarily, I have been entrusted with a stewardship. 9:18 Therefore what is the reward to me? In order that, in proclaiming the good-news of the Christ without cost, I might place the good-news before you*, and *that* I should not make full use of my authority in the good-news.

     9:19 For* although {F} being free from all, I enslaved myself to all, in order that I might gain all the more. 9:20 And I became like a Jew to the Jews, in order that I might gain Jews. I became like those under the law to those who are under the law, in order that I might gain those who are under the law. 9:21 I became like the lawless to those who are lawless, (not being lawless to God, but lawful to Christ), in order that I might gain the lawless. 9:22 I became to the weak ones like the weak, in order that I might gain the weak. I have become all things to all people, in order that I may certainly save some. 9:23 But I am doing* this because of the good-news, in order that I might become a fellow partner of it.

     {Footnotes: 1Co 9:19, or: being a free man from all, I was a bondservant to all.}

     9:24 Do you* not know that those who run in the stadium, all indeed run, but only one receives the prize? So run* in order that you* may grab it. 9:25 But everyone who struggles in the race exercises self-control in all things. Therefore indeed, those men do it in order that they may receive a corruptible crown, but we receive an incorruptible crown. 9:26 Now-then, I run so, as not with uncertainty. I am combating so, as not just whipping the air; 9:27 but I am buffeting my body and enslaving it; lest somehow after having preached to others, I myself might become unapproved.

[1 Corinthians 10]

     10:1 Now brethren, I do not wish you* to be ignorant that our fathers were all under the cloud and all went through the sea; 10:2 and were all immersed* into Moses in the cloud and in the sea; 10:3 and all ate the same spiritual food; 10:4 and all drank the same spiritual drink; for* they were drinking from a spiritual rock following them, and the rock was the Christ. {Exo 13:21, 14:22, 16:15, 17:6, Num 20:11} 10:5 But God was not delighted in most of them; for* they were overthrown in the wilderness. 10:6 Now these things became our examples, *that* we should not be desirers of evil things, just-as they also lusted. 10:7 Do* not become idolaters, just-as some of them were; as it has been written, 'The people sat down to eat and drink, and stood up to play.' {Exo 32:6} 10:8 Neither should we fornicate, like some of them fornicated, and twenty three thousand fell in one day. 10:9 Nor should we test the Christ, just-as some of them also tested him, and perished by the serpents. 10:10 Nor murmur*, like some of them also murmured, and perished by the destroyer. 10:11 Now all these things are examples which were befalling to those Jews, and they were written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the ages have arrived. 10:12 So-then, he who thinks he stands, let him beware, lest he might fall! 10:13 No temptation has taken you* except common human temptations, but God is faithful, who will not be permitting you* to be tempted beyond what you* are able to undergo, but together with the temptation, he will also make* an outlet.

     10:14 Hence, my beloved, flee* from idolatry. 10:15 I speak as to prudent men. You*, judge* what I say.

     {Tradition, and some translations, used 'communion' for the word 'fellowship' in the verses below. The latter is the common translation of the underlying Greek word throughout the rest of the New Covenant.}

     10:16 The cup of blessing {Or: thanks} for which we are giving-thanks, is it not a fellowship of the blood of the Christ? The bread which we are breaking, is it not a fellowship of the body of the Christ? 10:17 Because we, who are many, are one bread, one body; for* we all are partaking from the one bread.

     10:18 Beware* of Israel, according to the flesh: are not those who eat the sacrifices partners of the altar? 10:19 Therefore what am I saying? That an idol is anything, or that an idol-sacrifice is anything? 10:20 But I am saying, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they are sacrificing to demons, and not to God, and I do not wish you* to become partners of demons. {Deu 32:17}

     10:21 You* are not able to drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of demons. You* are not able to partake of the table of the Lord and of the table of demons. 10:22 Or are we provoking the Lord to jealousy? We are not mightier than him, are we?

     10:23 All things are legal for me, but not all things are advantageous. All things are legal for me, but not all things build up. 10:24 Let no one seek his own, but each one seek the good of the other. 10:25 Eat* everything which is sold in the meat-market, judging nothing because of conscience, 10:26 for* 'The earth is the Lord's and its fullness.' {Psa 24:1} 10:27 But if anyone of the unbelieving invites you* to a feast and you* wish to travel; eat* everything being placed beside you*, judging nothing because of conscience. 10:28 But if anyone says to you*, This is an idol-sacrifice, do* not eat, because of him who divulged it and because of their conscience; for* 'The earth is the Lord's and its fullness.' {Psa 24:1} 10:29 I say, not your own conscience, but the conscience of the other. For* why is my freedom judged by another conscience? 10:30 If I partake with gratitude, why am I blasphemed on behalf of what I am giving-thanks? 10:31 Therefore, whether you* eat or drink, or if you* are doing* anything, do** all to the glory of God. 10:32 Do* not become a stumbling block, either to Jews or to Greeks, or to the congregation* of God; 10:33 just-as I am also pleasing all people in all things, not seeking what is advantageous for myself, but what is advantageous for many, in order that they may be saved.

[1 Corinthians 11]

     11:1 Become* imitators of me, just-as I also am of Christ.

     11:2 Now I praise you* brethren that you* have been reminded of me in all things and are holding-onto the traditions, just-as I gave them to you*. 11:3 But I wish you* to know, that the head of every man is Christ, and the head of the woman is the man, and the head of the Christ is God. 11:4 Every man praying or prophesying, having something on his head, shames his head. 11:5 But every woman praying or prophesying with the head unveiled shames her head; for* it is one and the same thing, as if she had been shaved. 11:6 For* if a woman is not veiling herself, let her hair also be sheared, but if it is shameful to a woman to be sheared or shaved, let her be veiled. 11:7 For* a man indeed ought not to have his head veiled, being* that he is the image and glory of God, but woman is the glory of the man. 11:8 For* the man is not from the woman, but the woman is from the man; 11:9 for* neither was the man created because of the woman, but the woman because of the man. 11:10 The woman ought to have a sign of authority upon her head because of this and because of the messengers. 11:11 However, neither is the man separate from the woman, nor the woman separate from the man, in the Lord. 11:12 For* just-like the woman is from the man, so the man is also through the woman, but all things are from God. 11:13 Judge* among you* yourselves. Is it suitable that a woman pray to God unveiled? 11:14 Or is not even nature itself teaching you*, that, if a man indeed has long-hair, it is a dishonor to him? 11:15 But if a woman has long-hair, it is a glory to her, because her hair has been given to her instead of a head dressing. 11:16 But if anyone seems to be contentious, we have no such custom, nor the congregations* of God.

     11:17 But in commanding this, I am not praising you*, because you* are not coming together *for the best but *for the worst. 11:18 For* indeed, first of all, when you* are coming together in the congregation*, I am hearing that splits exist in you*, and I believe some part of it. 11:19 For* it is essential for sects to be also among you*, in order that those who are the approved ones may become apparent among you*. 11:20 Therefore, while you* are coming together in the same place, it is not possible to eat the Lord's supper; 11:21 for* while* you* were eating, each one is taking his own supper before others can, and one is hungry and another is drunken. 11:22 For* do you* not have houses *that* you* should eat and drink in? Or do you* despise the congregation* of God and are shaming those who have nothing? What should I say to you*? Should I praise you*? I should not praise you* in this.

     {Mar 14:22-25 & Mat 26:26-29 & Luk 22:19-20, 1Co 11:23-26.}

     11:23 For* I received from the Lord what I also gave to you*, that the Lord Jesus in the night in which he was being given up, took bread; 11:24 and having given-thanks, he broke it and said, Take*, eat*. This is my body, which is being broken on your* behalf. Practice* this in my remembrance. 11:25 Likewise* also the cup, after the supper, saying, This cup is the new covenant* in my blood. Practice* this in my remembrance whenever you* drink it. 11:26 For* whenever you* eat this bread and drink this cup, you* are proclaiming the Lord's death till the time he should come.

     11:27 So-then whoever should eat this bread or should drink the cup of the Lord, unworthily of the Lord, will be liable to the body and of the blood of the Lord. 11:28 But let a man test himself and so let him eat from the bread and let him drink out of the cup. 11:29 For* he who unworthily eats and drinks, is eating and drinking condemnation to himself, if he is not discerning the body of the Lord.

     11:30 Because of this, many among you* are weak and sick and a considerable number have fallen-asleep {i.e. are dead}. 11:31 For* if we were discerning ourselves, we would not be judged. 11:32 But being judged, we are disciplined by the Lord, in order that we should not be condemned together with the world. 11:33 So-then my brethren, after you* come together *that* you should eat, wait* for one another. 11:34 But if anyone is hungry, let him eat in his own house; in order that you* may not come together *for condemnation. Now I will be commanding accordingly the rest as I may come.

[1 Corinthians 12]

     12:1 Now brethren, I do not wish you* to be ignorant concerning spiritual gifts. 12:2 You* know that when you* were Gentiles, you* were being led away to those voiceless idols, as you* would be led now. 12:3 Hence I make known to you*, that no one speaking in the Spirit of God says, Jesus is accursed, and no one is able to say, Jesus is Lord, except in the Holy Spirit.

     12:4 Now there are diversities of gifts*, but the same Spirit. 12:5 And there are diversities of services and the same Lord. 12:6 And there are diversities of workings, but it is the same God, who is working all things in all. 12:7 But to each one is given the manifestation of the Spirit for what is advantageous: 12:8 for* the word of wisdom is given to one through the Spirit, and the word of knowledge to another according to the same Spirit; 12:9 and miraculous faith to different one in the same Spirit; and gifts* of healings to another in the same Spirit; 12:10 and workings of miracles to another; and prophecy to another; and the discernings of spirits to another; varieties of languages to a different one; and the translation of foreign languages to another; 12:11 but the one and the same Spirit is working all these things, sectioning off to each one in his own way just-as he wills.

     12:12 For* just-as the body is one and has many members and all the members of the one body, being many, are one body; so also is the Christ. 12:13 For* also, we were all immersed* into one body, in one Spirit, whether Jews or Greeks, whether bondservants or free men, and all were made to drink into one Spirit. 12:14 For* the body is not one member, but many. 12:15 If the foot says, Because I am not the hand, I am not from the body; contrary to this, is it not from the body? 12:16 And if the ear says, Because I am not the eye, I am not from the body; contrary to this, is it not from the body? 12:17 If the whole body were an eye, where is the hearing? If the whole body were hearing, where is the sense of smell? 12:18 But now God himself placed the members in the body, each one of them, just-as he willed. 12:19 Now if they were all one member, where is the body? 12:20 But now they are indeed many members, but one body. 12:21 Now the eye is not able to say to the hand, I have no need of you; or again the head to the feet, I have no need of you*. 12:22 But much rather now, those members of the body that seem to be* weaker are necessary; 12:23 and those things of the body which we think to be more dishonored, we place even-more honor upon these, and our indecent parts have even-more decency; 12:24 but our decent parts have no need. But God mingled the body together, having given even-more honor to the ones which are lacking; 12:25 in order that no splits should be in the body, but in order that the members should have the same anxiety on behalf of one another. 12:26 And if one member is suffering, all the members are suffering together with it. If one member is glorified, all the members are rejoicing together with it. 12:27 Now you* are the body of Christ and members individually. 12:28 And indeed God placed some in the congregation* of believers, first apostles, second prophets, third teachers, thereafter miracles, thereafter gifts* of healings, helps, those who pilot others, those with varieties of languages. 12:29 All are not apostles, are they? All are not prophets, are they? All are not teachers, are they? All are not workers of miracles, are they? 12:30 All do not have gifts* of healings, do they? All do not speak with foreign languages, do they? All do not translate, do they? 12:31 But be* zealous for the better gifts*. And I will show to you* still a surpassingly-better way.

[1 Corinthians 13]

     13:1 If I speak with the languages of men, and even of messengers, but do not have love*, I have become like noisy brass or a clanging cymbal. 13:2 And if I have the gift of prophecy and if I know all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have all faith, so-then to remove mountains, but if I do not have love*, I am nothing. 13:3 And if I morsel out {i.e. give away little by little} all my possessions and if I give my body in order that I would be burned, but if I do not have love*, I am profited nothing. 13:4 Love* has patience. It is kind. Love* is not jealous. Love* does not brag. It is not arrogant. 13:5 It does not behave improperly. It does not seek its own. It is not irritated. It is not reasoning evil. 13:6 It is not rejoicing in unrighteousness, but is rejoicing together with the truth. 13:7 It is forbearing all things, is believing all things, is hoping for all things, is enduring all things. 13:8 Love* never falls short.

     But if there are prophecies, they will be done-away; if there are foreign languages, they will cease; if there is knowledge, it will be done-away.

     13:9 But we know partially and we prophesy partially; 13:10 but whenever the completed thing comes, then what is partially will be done-away. 13:11 When I was an infant, I was speaking like an infant, I had the mindset like that of an infant, I was reasoning like an infant. But when I became a man, I have done-away-with the things of the infant. 13:12 For* now we see through a mirror, in an enigma {i.e. dimly}, but then face to face. I know now partially, but then I will fully know just-as I was also fully known.

     13:13 But these three are remaining now: faith, hope, love*, and the greater of these is love*.

[1 Corinthians 14]

     14:1 Pursue* love*; but yet be* zealous for spiritual gifts, but rather in order that you* may prophesy. 14:2 For* he who speaks in a foreign language does not speak to men, but to God; for* no one hears with understanding, but he speaks mysteries in the spirit. 14:3 But he who prophesies speaks to men for building up and encouragement and consolation. 14:4 He who speaks in a foreign language builds himself up, but he who prophesies builds up the congregation*. 14:5 Now I wish for all of you* to speak with foreign languages, but more in order that you* may prophesy, for* greater is he who prophesies than he who speaks with foreign languages, unless one translates, in order that the congregation* may receive building up.

     14:6 But brethren, now if I come to you* speaking in foreign languages, what will I profit you*, if I do not speak to you* either in revelation or in knowledge or in prophecy or in teaching? 14:7 Even the lifeless things give forth a voice, whether flute or harp, if they do not give a distinction in the sounds, how will it be known what is piped or harped? 14:8 For* if the trumpet also gives an indistinct voice, who will prepare himself *for war? 14:9 So you* also, if you* do not give distinct speech through the foreign language, how will it be known what is spoken? For* you* will be speaking to air. 14:10 If the varieties of foreign voices in the world are so-many, as it may be, and yet none are unintelligible. 14:11 Therefore if I do not know the power of the voice, I will be a barbarian to the one who speaks with it, and he who speaks will be a barbarian with* me. 14:12 So you* also, since you* are zealous ones of the spirits, seek* in order that you* may abound to the building up of the congregation*. 14:13 Hence let he who speaks in a foreign language pray in order that one may translate.

     14:14 For* if I pray in a foreign language, my spirit prays, but my mind is unfruitful. 14:15 Therefore what is it? I will pray with the spirit and I will also pray with the mind. I will sing-praise with the spirit and I will also sing-praise with the mind. 14:16 Otherwise if you give-thanks with the spirit, how will he who fills the place of the unskilled say the amen upon your thanksgiving, since he did not know what you are saying? 14:17 For* you indeed give-thanks well, but the other is not built up. 14:18 I give-thanks to my God, I speak with foreign languages more than all of you*. 14:19 But in the congregation*, I wish to speak five words through my mind in order that I might also instruct others, than ten-thousand words in a foreign language.

     14:20 Brethren, do* not become children in your mindsets, (but be* infants in malice), but become* mature in your mindsets. 14:21 It has been written in the law, 'I will be speaking to this people in different languages and by other lips, and thus they will not even hear me, says the Lord.' {Isa 28:11-12} 14:22 So-then foreign languages are *for a sign, not to those who believe, but to the unbelieving. But prophecy is for a sign, not to the unbelieving, but to those who believe. 14:23 Therefore, if the whole congregation* comes together in the same place, and if all speak with foreign languages, and if unskilled or unbelieving people should enter, will they not be saying that you* are insane? 14:24 But if all prophesy and some unbelieving or unskilled person should enter, he is reproved {Or: convicted} by all. He is judged by all. 14:25 And thus, the secret things of his heart become apparent, and so, having fallen down upon his face, he will be worshiping God, reporting that God really is among you*.

     14:26 Therefore brethren, what is it? Whenever you* come together, each of you* has a psalm, has a teaching, has a revelation, has a foreign language, has a translation. Let all things happen toward your building up. 14:27 If anyone speaks in a foreign language, let it be according to two or three at the most and individually, and let one translate. 14:28 But if there is no translator, let him be silent in the congregation*, and let him speak to himself and to God. 14:29 But let* the prophets speak by two or three and let* the others discern. 14:30 But if a prophesy is revealed to another sitting by, let the first be silent. 14:31 For* all of you* are able to prophesy, one by one, in order that all may learn and all might be encouraged. 14:32 The spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets; 14:33 for* God is not a God of unrest, but of peace.

     As in all the congregations* of the holy-ones: 14:34 let* your* women {Or: wives} be silent in the congregations*; for* it has not been permitted for them to speak, but to be subject, just-as the law also says. {Gen 3:16} 14:35 And if they wish to learn anything, let* them ask their own husbands in their own house; for* it is shameful for women {Or: wives} to speak in a congregation*. 14:36 What? Was it from you* that the word of God went forth? Or did it arrive only *for you*?

     14:37 If anyone thinks himself to be a prophet or spiritual, let him fully know what I write to you*, that they are the commandments from the Lord. 14:38 But if anyone is ignorant, let him be ignorant.

     14:39 So-then brethren, be* zealous to prophesy and do* not forbid people to speak with foreign languages. 14:40 But let all things happen decently and according to some order.

[1 Corinthians 15]

     15:1 Now I make known to you* brethren, the good-news which I proclaimed to you*, which you* also received, in which you* are also standing, 15:2 through which you* are also saved, if you* are holding-onto the good-news of the word in what I proclaimed to you*– unless you* vainly believed. 15:3 For* I gave to you* first, what I also received: that Christ died on behalf of our sins according to the Scriptures; {Isa 53:8-9} 15:4 and that he was buried, and that he has been raised up on the third day according to the Scriptures. {Psa 16:10}

     {1Co 15:5-7, Mat 28:16-17, Mar 16:12-13, Luk 24:13-35, 24:44-49, Joh 20:26-31, Acts 1:3-8.}

     15:5 And that he was seen by Cephas; thereafter by the twelve; 15:6 thereafter he was seen by over five hundred brethren at once, out of whom most remain until now, but some did also fall-asleep {i.e. died}; 15:7 thereafter he was seen by James; thereafter by all the apostles; 15:8 and last of all, like to the premature-baby, he was seen also to me. 15:9 For* I am the least of the apostles, who is not sufficient to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the congregation* of believers of God. 15:10 But I am what I am by the grace of God {Or: favor from God} and his grace toward me has not become empty, but I labored even-more than they all did; but not I, but the grace of God which was together with me. 15:11 Therefore whether it is I, or it is those men, so we preach and so you* believed.

     15:12 Now if Christ is preached that he has been raised up from the dead, how are some among you* saying that there is no resurrection of the dead? 15:13 But if there is no resurrection of the dead, not even Christ has been raised up; 15:14 and if Christ has not been raised up, consequently*, our preaching is empty and your* faith is also empty. 15:15 Now, we are also found to be false witnesses of God, because we testified against God in saying that he raised the Christ up; whom consequently*, he did not raise up, if indeed* the dead are not raised up. 15:16 For* if the dead are not raised up, not even Christ has been raised up; 15:17 and if Christ has not been raised up, your* faith is futile. You* are still in your* sins. 15:18 Consequently*, also those who fell-asleep in Christ perished. 15:19 If we are those who have hoped in Christ in this life only, we are the most pitiful of all men.

     15:20 But now Christ has been raised up from the dead, he became the first-fruit of those who have fallen-asleep. 15:21 For* since death came through a man, the resurrection of the dead also came through a man. 15:22 For* just-like all die in Adam, so all will also be given-life in Christ. 15:23 But each in his own order: Christ the first-fruit; thereafter those who are the Christ's in his presence. 15:24 Thereafter is the end, whenever he gives up the kingdom to the God and Father; whenever he does-away-with all rule and all authority and power. 15:25 For* it is essential for him to reign, till the time he would have placed all his enemies under his feet. {Psa 110:1} 15:26 The last enemy done-away-with is death. 15:27 For* he subjected all things under his feet. {Psa 8:6} But whenever he says, All things are subjected, (it is evident that is outside {i.e. except} the one who has subjected all things to him). 15:28 But whenever all things are subject to him, then the Son himself will also be subjected to the one who subjected all things to him, in order that God may be all in all.

     15:29 Otherwise what will they do* who are immersed* on behalf of the dead? If the dead are not literally raised up, why then are they immersed* on behalf of the dead? 15:30 Why are we also in peril every hour? 15:31 I die every day by my boasting of you*, which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord. 15:32 If I quarreled with beasts in Ephesus according to the manner of man, what is the profit to me? If the dead are not raised up, 'We should eat and drink, for* the next-day we die.' {Isa 22:13} 15:33 Do* not be misled: evil associations corrupt virtuous {F} morals. {Or: customs or habits; (inward & outward).} 15:34 Be* righteously sober and do* not sin; for* some have ignorance of God. I say this to shame you*.

     15:35 But someone will say, How are the dead raised up and with what manner of body do they come? 15:36 You fool, what you sow is not given-life if it does not die; 15:37 and what you sow, you do not sow the body that will become, but a naked kernel, if it might be of wheat or anyone of the rest of the grains; 15:38 but God gives it a body just-as he willed and to each of the seeds a body of its own.

     15:39 All flesh is not the same flesh, but there is one flesh of men and another flesh of animals and another of birds and another of fish 15:40 and heavenly bodies and earthly bodies, (but the glory of the heavenly is indeed different, and the glory of the earthly is different). 15:41 One glory is of the sun and another glory is of the moon and another glory is of the stars; for* one star carries more-value in glory than that of another star.

     15:42 So also is the resurrection of the dead. If it is sown in corruption; it is raised up in incorruption. 15:43 It is sown in dishonor; it is raised up in glory. It is sown in weakness; it is raised up in power. 15:44 It is sown a physical body; it is raised up a spiritual body. If there is a physical body, there is also a spiritual body. 15:45 So also it has been written, 'The first man Adam became a living soul.' {Gen 2:7} The last Adam is giving-life *for our spirit. 15:46 But the spiritual was not first, but the physical, and thereafter the spiritual. 15:47 The first man is out of the earth, the terrestrial; the second man, the Lord, is out of heaven. 15:48 Such-as is the terrestrial, such also are the terrestrial and such-as is the heavenly, such also are the heavenly. 15:49 And just-as we have worn the image of the terrestrial, we should also wear the image of the heavenly. 15:50 Now brethren, I say this, that flesh and blood is not able to inherit the kingdom of God; neither is corruption inheriting incorruption.

          {1Co 15:51-15:58 & Mat 24:27, 24:29-31 & Mar 13:24-37 & Luk 21:25-28 & Acts 1:11 & 1Th 4:13-17 & 2Th 1:7-9 & Rev 1:7 Second Coming.}

     15:51 Behold, I tell you* a mystery, Not all indeed will have fallen-asleep, but we will all be changed, 15:52 in the briefest moment, in the blink of an eye, at the last trumpet; for* the last trumpet will sound and the dead will be raised up incorruptible and we will be changed. 15:53 For* it is essential this corruptible body to be clothed with incorruption and this mortal body to be clothed with immortality. 15:54 But whenever this corruptible body should be clothed with incorruption and whenever this mortal should be clothed with immortality, then the word that has been written will become so, Death was swallowed up in victory. {Isa 25:8} 15:55 O death, where is your sting? O Hades, where is your victory? 15:56 The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law; 15:57 but gratitude to God, who is giving us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ. 15:58 So-then my beloved brethren, become* grounded, unmovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, knowing that your* labor is not empty in the Lord.

[1 Corinthians 16]

     {1Co 16:1-3, Acts 24:17, Romans 15:27, 2 Corinthians 8, 9, Gal 2:10.}

     16:1 Now concerning the collection which is *for the holy-ones, just-like I commanded to the congregations* of Galatia, so you* also, practice* such! 16:2 Every first day of the week, let each of you* place beside himself, storing up, if he prospers in anything, in order that whenever I come, no collections may happen then. 16:3 Now whenever I come*, I will be sending these, whomever you* approve through letters, to carry your* favor to Jerusalem; 16:4 and if it is also worthy for me to travel there; they will be traveling together with me. 16:5 But I will be coming to you*, whenever I go through Macedonia; for* I am going through Macedonia. 16:6 Now having obtained passage to you*; I will be remaining or even will be wintering with you*, in order that you* may send me onward to wherever I am traveling. 16:7 For* I do not wish to see you* now on the way, but I am hoping to remain with you* some time, if the Lord permits. 16:8 But I will be remaining in Ephesus until the Pentecost; 16:9 for* a great and effective door has opened to me and many are laying in opposition to me.

     16:10 Now if Timothy comes, see* to it, in order that he may become fearless toward you*; for* he is working the work of the Lord, as I also am. 16:11 Therefore do not let anyone scorn him. But send* him onward in peace, in order that he may come to me; for* I am waiting for him with the brethren. 16:12 Now concerning Apollos the brother, I encouraged him many times in order that he should come to you* with the brethren and it was certainly not his will in order that he should come now, but he will be coming whenever he has an opportunity.

     16:13 Watch*. Stand-firm* in the faith. Be* manly. Be* powerful. 16:14 Let all your* things happen in love*.

     16:15 Now you* know the house of Stephanas, that it is the first-fruit of Achaia and that they have appointed themselves into the service *for the holy-ones. I encourage you* brethren, 16:16 in order that you* may also be subject to those who are such and to everyone working together with us and laboring with them. 16:17 Now I am rejoicing on the presence of Stephanas and Fortunatus and Achaicus, because these fulfilled the lack of yours*, 16:18 for* they gave-rest to my spirit and yours*. Therefore recognize* those who are such.

     16:19 The congregations* of Asia greet you*. Aquila and Priscilla greet you* much in the Lord, together with the congregation* in their house. 16:20 All the brethren greet you*. Greet* one another with* a holy kiss.

     16:21 The greeting from Paul with my own hand. 16:22 If anyone does not love the Lord Jesus Christ, let him be accursed. The Lord has-come! 16:23 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ is with you*. 16:24 My love* is with all of you* in Christ Jesus. Amen.

{{ Introduction to 2 Corinthians 58-59 AD

    Paul continues his battle with those who think of themselves too highly and states he did not come to them right then to spare them. He was giving them a chance to repent. About three chapters are spent showing his authority from Jesus, and how good they had life in comparison to the apostles' 'verdict' of death. In chapter 6 and 11, he talks about how bad the people who had ministered to the Corinthians had it, but all of it was for the sake of the Corinthians and others. He gave various encouragements: all in life is temporary; hope for a new body in heaven; in salvation, a new creation; you* are in our hearts, etc. 'You* are not distressed by us, but you* are distressed by your* own affections' in 6:11 sums it up for them.

    Then Paul describes a relief that many of the congregations had put together for the poor holy-ones (10:1) in Jerusalem, one of many mentioned in the New Testament. Many were assigned and cooperated due to the high possibility of robbers (food during a drought is more valuable than gold). Then in chapter 10, he redirects his letter to rebuke one or many who claim that 'they walk according to the flesh.' He tells the Corinthians they should have already done it in 10:2. In 11, he talks to the Corinthians as he did to the Galatians about anyone adding in another good-news or teaching not in the bible is a false teacher. Adding in 'it doesn't say not to' is just as bad as excluding parts. Paul continues his sarcasm in 12 and then his rebuke in 13 'not sparing' them when he comes.}}

Modern Literal Version Preface & Appendix , copyright 1999, 2014 by G. Allen Walker for the MLV New Testament Committee.
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